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***Starting October 2016*** The USGS created a Public Access Plan for funded research which applies to articles as well as data will take effect in October 2016. Requirements for Public Access to articles and data can be accessed here.
The USGSInstructional Memoradum IM OSQI 2015-001 - Foundation Data Policy establishes requirements for data management plans:
"Plan. The overall project work plan of every research project must include planning for data management (SM 502.2). A data management plan describes standards and intended actions for acquiring, processing, analyzing, preserving, publishing/sharing, describing, managing quality, backing up, and securing the data holdings ( https://www2.usgs.gov/datamanagement/plan.php ). The data management plan, like the work plan, should be updated during the research phase to reflect the reality of the project activities."
Beginning October, 2014, NIST requires the submission of a Data Management Plan for all funded research. As described in the NIST Public Access Plan released in April, 2015, the DMP will describe how scientific data resulting from the research will be shared and preserved. Alternatively, researchers may provide some rationale for why data sharing and preservation are beyond the scope of their plan. Submitted DMP's should at a minimum provide:
A summary of activities that generate data.
A summary of data types generate by the activities.
Plans for storing and preserving data.
Plans describing whether and how data will be made publicly accessible.