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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Legislative (US & State House & Senate) Bills

Legislative (US & State House & Senate) Bills

How to Create an APA 7th edition Reference for a Legislative Bills or Laws
TITLE Number or Volume DATE URL

(Unenacted Federal or State) BILL OR RESOLUTION



Title of Bill [if it's relevant, some do not have official names]. House or Senate bill number, Year-Year Session (Year Introduced). URL
(Enacted) LAWS & ACTS (Also called Statues)      
Name of Law or Act, Title Source, Section Number (Year). URL

Tips on citing APA 7th edition references for Legislative Bills or Laws (p. 356-365): 

  • APA uses the standard legal style of citing legal references across all disciplines. The most commonly used style is from The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation
  • Is it a bill or is it a law? If a bill or a resolution (whether state legistation or U.S. legislation) it it cited as a BILL or RESOLUTION as shown the examples on this page. IF the bill or resolution has passed into LAW, it should be cited as a LAW or ACT, or may also be called a STATUTE. If it's a law, follow those examples on this page. You can also consult Chapter 11, section 11.5 and section 11.6 of the APA manual.  
  • Common Legal Reference Abbreviations: 
    • Congress  -- Cong. , House of Representatives  -- H.R. , Senate -- S. 
    • Regulation -- Reg. ,   Resolution --  Res. 
    • Section --  § , Sections --  §§ , Number -- No. 
  • In text Citations: 
    • Parenthetical citation: (Name of Act, year).
    • Narrative citation: Name of Act (year)... 



Reference Example 1:

NC Compassionate Care Act, Senate Bill 3, 2023-2024 Session, (2023). 

In-text Citation (Paraphrase):

(NC Compassionate Care Act, 2023). 

In-text Citation (Direct Quote):

(NC Compassionate Care Act, 2023, p. 4).


Reference Example 2:

The SAVE Act, S. bill DRS55014-NBf-50A GA of North Carolina, (2021). 

In-text Citation (Paraphrase):

(The SAVE Act, 2021). 

In-text Citation (Direct Quote):

(The Save ACT, 2021, p. 6).


Additional resources for learning how to properly reference legal references in APA 7th edition: 

Carrie Forbes, MLS

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Carrie Forbes
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217 -OR- 252-689-8734 (TEXT)
Subjects: Nursing

Page References

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Helpful Tips

If you are citing a report, issue brief, or any other type of document issued with a number, include the type of document and number of publication in parenthesis directly after the title.

Example from page 329 of APA Manual: National Cancer Institute. (2018). Facing forward: Life after cancer treatment [NIH Publication No. 18-2424]. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

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