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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Student Paper Layout

Formatting Your Paper


General Guidelines:

  • Font: APA now allows several different options for fonts, you can choose one of the following, make sure to use the pt. size specified: 
    • Calibri, 11 pt.
    • Arial, 11 pt.
    • Lucinda Sans Unicode, 10 pt.
    • Times New Roman, 12 pt.
    • Georgia, 11 pt.
  • Spacing: In general, your entire document should be double spaced.
  • Margins: Margins should be set uniformly at 1 inch on all sides.
  • End of a Sentence: There only needs to be ONE space after a "period." 
  • Headers:
    • Running Head: Student papers no longer require a running head.  
    • Page Numbers: Page numbers should be in the header of your document, flush right. 
  • The paper should be written in the following order: 
    • Title Page
    • Abstract
    • Text
    • References
    • Footnotes
    • Tables
    • Figures
    • Appendices

picture from: 7th ed., p.32

  • Title Page: The title page should contain the following components placed in the center of the paper, center-spaced, each on it's own line:
    • Paper Title
    • Author
    • Affiliation (School)
    • Course
    • Instructor
    • Due Date



One of the most important things to remember for APA style formatting is consistency! The APA has not released guidelines on every single type of resource because the possibilities are endless. Just remember to follow the general formats when imputing information about a resource, include as much information as necessary, and be consistent! If you have questions about how to cite a particular resource, feel free to contact the library. Our contact information can be found on the left side of this page.

Referencing Materials without Pagination

Many online resources do not include page numbers. If citing a source that has no page numbers, cite the paragraph instead.
For example: 
  • If paragraphs are numbered, reference the paragraph number in the in-text citation. For example, (Basu & Jones, 2007, para. 4).
  • If document includes headings but no page or paragraph numbers, cite the heading and number of paragraph. For example, (Verbunt, Pernot, & Smeets, 2008, Discussion section, para. 1). 
  • If the document has no headings, page numbers, or paragraph numbers, provide a heading or section name. For example, (Golan, Kuchler, & Krissof, 2007, Mandatory Labeling Has Targeted section para.4).

Please see page 273 of the APA Manual, 7th Edition for further information.

Carrie Forbes, MLS

Carrie Forbes's picture
Carrie Forbes
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834

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