How to Create an APA 7th edition Reference for a Government report or Gray Literature
||(SOURCE) Website Name
|Author, A. A. & Author, B. B.
(2020, September 28).
|Title of work.
Retrieved December 22, 2020 from https://xxx.xxxx
Tips on citing APA 7th edition references for Government reports and Gray (or Grey) Literature (p. 329-331):
- Gray literature (or grey literature: either spelling is correct), is generally unpublished research that can include government reports, research reports, theses, dissertations, poster sessions, conference sessions or proceedings, etc... While gray literature is not considered scholarly (or technically peer-reviewed) it is still an important source of information because it is produced by researchers and practitioners in the field. It is often data, summaries, facts, statistics, or other information from current and ongoing research (Weintraub, 2000). (Paraphrased from Weintraub, I. (2000). The role of grey literature in the sciences. https://web.archive.org/web/20080212130534/https://library.brooklyn.cuny.edu/access/greyliter.htm)
- Government reports often contain a publication number or report number. Make sure to add this information after the title of the document in parenthesis.
- As in all other APA 7th edition citations, if the publisher is the same as the author (which can often be the case for government reports and gray literature), you do not include the publisher in the source area of the reference.
- If an agency or corporation is the author, the names can be abbreviated after the first in-text citation. For example, a first citation from the National Institute of Mental Health would be (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018), and all remaining citations would be (NIMH, 2018).
National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute. (2016). The heart truth for African American women: Take action to protect your heart fact sheet (NIH Publication No. 16-5066). US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/all-publications-and-resources/heart-truth-african-american-women-take-action-protect
In-text Citation (Paraphrase):
(National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute, 2016) - first citation
(NHLBI, 2016) - all subsequent citations
In-text Citation (Direct Quote):
(National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute, 2016, p.8) - first citation
(NHLBI, 2016, p. 8) - all subsequent citations