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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Interviews & Emails

Citing Interviews in APA Format

How to Create an APA 7th edition Reference for an email or a personal interview

Important Note: If you are citing an email or a personal interview for your paper, only cite the interview in-text only and DO NOT include the full citation in your reference list. Personal communications that are unpublished like personal interviews, emails, telephone conversations, private letters, memos, etc. are not included in the reference list because they do not provide any recoverable data.

Please refer to page 259-260 of the APA Manual, 6th Edition if you have any questions.


In-text Citation: (C. Forbes, personal communication, February 12, 2021). 


Carrie Forbes, MLS

Profile Photo
Carrie Forbes
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217 -OR- 252-689-8734 (TEXT)
Subjects: Nursing

Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (7th Edition). Please refer to pages 259-260 of the APA Manual (7th Edition) for more information.

Helpful Tips

-Cite archived personal communications in-text and in the reference list. 

-Do not cite non-archived personal communications in your reference list as they do not provide any recoverable information. Only provide in-text citations throughout your publication. 

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