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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Dissertations & Thesis

Citing Dissertations & Theses in APA Format

How to create an APA 7th edition reference for Dissertations & Thesis
Author Date Title (SOURCE) Institution (SOURCE) Database Name (SOURCE) URL
Author, A. A.  (2018).

Title of thesis [Unpublished master's thesis].

Title of dissertation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation].

Title of dissertation (Publication No. xx) [Doctoral dissertation, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree].

Name of Institution Awarding the Degree.

(Included here if NOT found in Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global).

Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global.

(Only needed if accessed from this database).


(Only needed if available, you do not need to include a URL if obtained from Proquest).

Dissertations & Theses

Dissertations and theses are formatted the same way in APA 7th edition. Theses are generally the culminating work for a master's or undergraduate degree and dissertations are often original research completed by doctoral students. Here are examples of a dissertation & a thesis, and how they would be formatted: 




Dissertation found in Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global: 


Banks, B. (2020). Addressing institutional racism in healthcare: A case study (Publication No. 28154307) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota]. Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global. 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Banks, 2020).

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

(Banks, 2020, p. 157).

Master's thesis from a University scholarship database: 


Sears, L. B. (2017). The public voice and sustainable food systems: Community engagement in food action plans [Unpublished master's thesis]. University of Kansas. 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Sears, 2017). 

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

(Sears, 2017, p. 24). 


Carrie Forbes, MLS

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Carrie Forbes
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217 -OR- 252-689-8734 (TEXT)
Subjects: Nursing

Pages Referenced

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (7th Edition). Please refer to page 333 of the APA Manual (7th Edition) for more information.

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