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APA Citation Style, 6th Edition: Interviews

APA Citation Style

Interview Recording

(THIS Libguide IS FOR APA 6th edition, click here to visit our new APA 7th edition Libguide)

Important Note: If you are citing a personal interview for your publication, only cite the interview in-text only and DO NOT include the full citation in your reference list. Personal communications that are unpublished like personal interviews, telephone conversations, private letters, memos, etc. are not included in the reference list because they do not provide any recoverable data. Please refer to page 170 of the APA Manual, 6th Edition if you have any questions.

General Format:

In-Text Citation:

(Interviewed Person's First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name, personal communication, year)

References:

Interviewed Person's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. ( year, month date format). Interview by First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name [Format of recording]. Title of interview, Organization Name archiving interview. Publisher: Location of archive.

Examples:

In-text Citation:

(M.B. Smith, personal communication, 1989)

References (Retrieved from p. 215 of APA Manual, 6th Edition):

Smith, M.B. (1989, August 12). Interview by C.A. Kiesler [Tape recording]. President's Oral History Project, American Psychological Association. APA Archives, Washington, DC.

Transcription of an Interview (No Recording Available)

Important Note: If you are citing a personal interview for your publication, only cite the interview in-text only and DO NOT include the full citation in your reference list. Personal communications that are unpublished like personal interviews, telephone conversations, private letters, memos, etc. are not included in the reference list because they do not provide any recoverable data. Please refer to page 170 of the APA Manual, 6th Edition if you have any questions.

General Format:

In-Text Citation:

(Interviewed Person's First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name, type of personal communication, year)

References:

Interviewed Person's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. ( year, month date format). Title of transcribed interview. (Volume if applicable),  Publisher, Location.

Examples:

In-text Citation:

(C.F. Sparkman, transcribed interview, 1973)

References (Retrieved from p. 215 of APA Manual, 6th Edition):

Sparkman, C.F. (1973). An oral history with Dr. Colley F. Sparkman/ Interviewer: Orley B. Caudill. Mississippi Oral History Program (Vol. 289), University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg.

Carrie Forbes, MLS

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Carrie Forbes
Contact:
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217

Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (6th Edition). Please refer to pages 179 and 214 of the APA Manual (6th Edition) for more information.

Helpful Tips

-Cite archived personal communications in-text and in the reference list. 

-Do not cite non-archived personal communications in your reference list as they do not provide any recoverable information. Only provide in-text citations throughout your publication. 

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