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APA Citation Style, 6th Edition: Journal Article with Three to Six Authors

APA Citation Style

Journal Article- Three to Six Authors & DOI (Electronic or Print)

(THIS Libguide IS FOR APA 6th edition, click here to visit our new APA 7th edition Libguide)

General Format:

NOTE: If your reference has three to six authors, cite them all the first time mentioned in your paper. After that, use the first author's last name, followed by et al. and the year).

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last name, year)

(Author's Last Name et al., year)

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last Name, year, page number)

(Author's Last Name et al., year, page number)

References:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (repeat for all author's unless more than six). (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal TitleVolume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Examples:

In-text Citation (Paraphrase):

First time mentioned: (Bass, Enochs, & DiBrezzo, 2002)

Written all subsequent times as (Bass et al., 2002)

In-text Citation (Direct Quote):

If first time mentioned: (Bass, Enochs, & DiBrezzo, 2002, p. 52)

If referenced prior: (Bass et al., 2002, p.52)

References:

Bass, M. A., Enochs, W. K., & DiBrezzo, R. (2002). Comparison of two exercise programs on general well-being of college students. Psychological Reports, 91(3), 1195-1201. doi:10.2466/PR0.91.8.1195-1201

Journal Article- Three to Six Authors & No DOI ( Print Format)

General Format:

NOTE: If your reference has three to six authors, cite them all the first time mentioned in your paper. After that, use the first author's last name, followed by et al. and the year).

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last name, year)

(Author's Last Name et al., year)

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last Name, year, page number)

(Author's Last Name et al., year, page number)

References:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (repeat for all author's unless more than six). (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range.

In-text Citation (Paraphrase):

First time mentioned: (BergströmJayatissaThykjær, Wiborg, 2007)

Written all subsequent times as (Bergström et al., 2007)

In-text Citation (Direct Quote):

If first time mentioned: (Bergström, Jayatissa, Thykjær, & Wiborg, 2007, p. 202)

If referenced prior: (Bergström et al., 2007, p.202)

References:

Bergström, A., Jayatissa, M. N., Thykjær, T., & Wiborg, O. (2007). Molecular pathways associated with stress resilience and drug resistance in the chronic mild stress rat model of depression--a gene expression study. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 33(2), 201-15. 

Journal Article- Three to Six Authors & No DOI (Retrieved Electronically)

General Format:

NOTE: If your reference has three to six authors, cite them all the first time mentioned in your paper. After that, use the first author's last name, followed by et al. and the year).

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last name, year)

(Author's Last Name et al., year)

In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):

(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last Name, year, page number)

(Author's Last Name et al., year, page number)

References:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (repeat for all author's unless more than six). (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of homepage of journal

In-text Citation (Paraphrase):

First time mentioned: (BergströmJayatissaThykjær, Wiborg, 2007)

Written all subsequent times as (Bergström et al., 2007)

In-text Citation (Direct Quote):

If first time mentioned: (BergströmJayatissaThykjær, Wiborg, 2007, p. 202)

If referenced prior: (Bergström et al., 2007, p.202)

References:

Bergström, A., Jayatissa, M. N., Thykjær, T., & Wiborg, O. (2007). Molecular pathways associated with stress resilience and drug resistance in the chronic mild stress rat model of depression--a gene expression study. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 33(2), 201-15. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/journal/12031

Carrie Forbes, MLS

Carrie Forbes's picture
Carrie Forbes
Contact:
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217

Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (6th Edition). Please refer to pages 198-199 of the APA Manual (6th Edition) for more information.

Helpful Tips

-Include the DOI in the reference if one is assigned.

-If no DOI is assigned and you retrieved the content online, use the home page URL for the journal in the reference.

-If a reference has up to seven authors, include all the author's names in the reference list. 

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