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APA Citation Style, 6th Edition: Reference List

APA Citation Style

APA Formatting of Reference Lists

(THIS Libguide IS FOR APA 6th edition, click here to visit our new APA 7th edition Libguide)

  • All entries should be double-spaced and have a hanging indent. 
  • Entries should be alphabetized by last name of the first author, followed by the initials of the author's first name.
  • Works with corporate, agency, association, or institution authors should be alphabetized by the first significant word in the name. Make sure to write out the full official name and to not use abbreviations.
  • Make sure all reference data is accurate and complete.
  • Reference lists only include recoverable resources. Do not include personal communications in your reference list, but do include in-text citations for these these resources.
  • Make sure all URLs and DOIs are not hyperlinked in your reference list.


One of the most important things to remember for APA style formatting is consistency! The APA has not released guidelines on every single type of resource because the possibilities are endless. Just remember to follow the general formats when imputing information about a resource, include as much information as necessary, and be consistent! If you have questions about how to cite a particular resource, feel free to contact the library. Our contact information can be found on the left side of this page.

Carrie Forbes, MLS

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Carrie Forbes
Laupus Library
Room 2518
East Carolina University
600 Moye Blvd.
Greenville, NC 27834
252-744-2217 -OR- 252-689-8734 (TEXT)
Subjects: Nursing

Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (6th Edition). Please refer to pages 180-192 of the APA Manual, 6th Edition for more information.

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