Paul Zurkowski, who first coined the phrase information literacy back in 1974, defined it this way:
People trained in the application of information resources to their work can be called information literates. They have learned the techniques and skills for utilizing the wide range of info tools as well as primary sources in molding info solutions to their problems.
As that definition implies, each discipline defines information literacy in a way that is relevant to its practices. As a way to better support IL learning outcomes, academic libraries have developed more general descriptions of IL. The most recent and comprehensive of these attempts is the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy.
The Association of College & Research Libraries adopted the Framework for Information Literacy in 2016. This guiding document informs much of the work that libraries do in support of information literacy instruction and support.
The Framework identifies six key concepts:
This may not be the vocabulary faculty typically use when talking about IL concepts, and some find the language of the Framework unintuitive. Unpacking each of the concepts, though, one finds the more familiar knowledge practices and dispositions of an information literate student. Click on any of the concepts above to explore them further.
Librarians can potentially assist in several ways: we can offer feedback on assignment requirements and descriptions so that they better articulate your IL outcomes and align with the library's information resources; we can provide an overview of the library's support resources, including instruction and the student consultation service, and we can develop new materials specific to your assignments, whether that be a research guide or a Canvas module.
If you'd like to talk to us, send us an email at email@example.com to get started or schedule a one-on-one consultation at http://joynerlibrary.youcanbook.me/. Let us know the issues you are experiencing and we'll do our best to support you with feedback as well as information on services to benefit your students.
Recordings of previous OFE workshops on the Framework and how to integrate IL into your classes are available on this guide, along with links to the presentation slides and handouts.
Also look for background readings on information literacy, disciplinary approaches to introducing IL concepts, and case studies on its successful integration into classrooms. In addition, find toolkits, activities, and relevant instructional repositories linked to below. Have you found a resource helpful that isn't included? Please let us know!
Looking for tested and practical lessons, activities, and example assignments to integrate information literacy into your classes? Explore the resources here:
Instruction repositories can be helpful sources for information literacy-based readings and assignment ideas. Below are some of the more popular.