Write notes in your own words
Ask yourself questions about the material
Memorize after you have a solid understanding of the material
Create connections with the material
It is easier to recall new information if it is attached to old, easily retrieved information. Associate new information with older, easily-retrieved material.
If possible, connect what you are learning to a picture. Having an image to associate with a concept strengthens the memory.
Take the visual concept even further. Place notes about specific concepts in specific study areas. You will associate the concepts with that area and it will aid in recall
One of the most effective methods of improving test performance is to take practice tests. Here are some suggestions:
Before you start reading, skim over or survey the material to get an idea of key concepts and themes. Focus on chapter headings and subheadings, introductions, and images. Get an idea of the theme of the chapter so you can put the material in context when you read
As you survey the material, develop questions that will help you focus on the material when you are reading. Use the chapter headings, subheadings, introductions and images to help develop the questions.
Read, Recall, Review
It's time to read the text. Read to understand. Try to answer the questions you developed in the prior steps. When you finish reading, recall the text and summarize it for yourself. Focus on the main concepts and themes. This will develop your recall abilities. Finally, review the questions you developed and answer them without referring to the text or any notes you took. Can you answer the questions from memory?
Organize material into meaningful clusters - this will help with recall
Create a study routine.
Follow the same steps to get yourself into "study mode"
Prepare your space, your snacks and drinks, and yourself so that you can focus
Expose as many senses as possible to the study material
Explain it to someone else
Note cards of key words, concepts, vocabulary, definitions, equations
Explain concepts to others
Join a study group