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EXSS 6301: Research Seminar in Exercise and Sport Science: APA Citation

APA Citation

This page will help you learn the basics of citing in APA style.

On this page, you will find:

  • Links to the APA Style Guide (left column)
  • The format of three common APA citations to help you cite your sources (right column)
  • Two interactive tutorials that teach you how to avoid plagiarism and follow rules of academic integrity (left column)

APA Style Guide

Citations for NCHS Publications and Electronic Media


Complete this interactive tutorial on how to avoid plagiarism at ECU.

An additional tutorial reviewing ECU's Academic Integrity Policy can be found here:

Constructing a Citation

Here is how to format some of the most common types of citations in APA style.


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Lastname, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)

Government Report 

"Government Reports" Include technical and research reports, census statistics (in PDF format or in print), reports of task forces, etc. Format these reports as you would a book.  If there is no personal author, use the organization name.  

Lastname, F. M., & Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title of report. Organization Name. URL


United States Government Accountability Office. (2019). Performance and accountability report: Fiscal year 2019.

Data Set

A "data set" includes raw data (which might be imported into a spreadsheet for further manipulation) or interactive data displays.  Inf there is no personal author, use the government agency as a corporate author.  

Lastname, F. M. or Name of Group (Year). Title of dataset (Version No.) [Data set]. Publisher. DOI or URL


Not the style you are looking for?  MLA Guide | Chicago Guide | AMA Guide  | ACS Guide | ASA Guide | APSA Guide | CSE Guide

Rather use a citation generator?            KnightCite     |     NCSU Citation Builder

Want to learn about RefWorks Citation Software?  RefWorks Guide