Data Management Plans are formal documents encompassing key elements of good data management. Data Management Plans (DMPs) are increasingly required by federal funders and major foundations. While the exact format and contents of a data management plan can vary, a data management plan typically requires a description of:
Why does a DMP matter? Plan ahead to avoid the "Data Sharing and Management Snafu in 3 Short Acts"
(Courtesy of the NYU Health Sciences Library)
Generic Metadata Schemata
If you cannot use a discipline-specific metadata standard, try to use a generic metadata schema such as Dublin Core or DataCite Metadata Schema.
Additional guidance on documenting your data: