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Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding Duration

Breastfeeding Duration

  • Frequency--How often to breastfeed: Newborn babies want to feed on demand, usually 8 to 12 times in a 24 hour period for the first two to four weeks. 
  • Duration--The length of each feeding: During the newborn period, most breastfeeding sessions take 20 to 45 minutes.

Source: Sutter Health

From PubMed, Breastfeeding Duration

1.

Direct Feeding at the Breast Is Associated with Breast Milk Feeding Duration among Preterm Infants.

 

Pinchevski-Kadir S, Shust-Barequet S, Zajicek M, Leibovich M, Strauss T, Leibovitch L, Morag I.

 

Nutrients. 2017 Nov 1;9(11). pii: E1202. doi: 10.3390/nu9111202.

 

PMID: 29104257 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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2.

Breastfeeding promotion: evidence and problems.

 

Bellù R, Condò M.

 

Pediatr Med Chir. 2017 Jun 28;39(2):156. doi: 10.4081/pmc.2017.156. Review.

 

PMID: 28673077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article

 

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3.

Direct vs. Expressed Breast Milk Feeding: Relation to Duration of Breastfeeding.

 

Pang WW, Bernard JY, Thavamani G, Chan YH, Fok D, Soh SE, Chua MC, Lim SB, Shek LP, Yap F, Tan KH, Gluckman PD, Godfrey KM, van Dam RM, Kramer MS, Chong YS.

 

Nutrients. 2017 May 27;9(6). pii: E547. doi: 10.3390/nu9060547.

 

PMID: 28554997 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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4.

How multiple episodes of exclusive breastfeeding impact estimates of exclusive breastfeeding duration: report from the eight-site MAL-ED birth cohort study.

 

Ambikapathi R, Kosek MN, Lee GO, Mahopo C, Patil CL, Maciel BL, Turab A, Islam MM, Ulak M, Bose A, Paredes Olortegui M, Pendergast LL, Murray-Kolb LE, Lang D, McCormick BJ, Caulfield LE.

 

Matern Child Nutr. 2016 Oct;12(4):740-56. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12352. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

 

PMID: 27500709 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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5.

Exclusive breastfeeding duration and infant infection.

 

Quigley MA, Carson C, Sacker A, Kelly Y.

 

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016 Dec;70(12):1420-1427. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2016.135. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

 

PMID: 27460268 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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6.

Breastfeeding duration and associated factors between 1960 and 2000.

 

Oliveira DS, Boccolini CS, Faerstein E, Verly E Jr.

 

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2017 Mar - Apr;93(2):130-135. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2016.05.005. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

 

PMID: 27453144 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article

 

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7.

Shorter duration of breastfeeding at elevated exposures to perfluoroalkyl substances.

 

Timmermann CAG, Budtz-Jørgensen E, Petersen MS, Weihe P, Steuerwald U, Nielsen F, Jensen TK, Grandjean P.

 

Reprod Toxicol. 2017 Mar;68:164-170. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2016.07.010. Epub 2016 Jul 12.

 

PMID: 27421579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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8.

Breastfeeding Duration and Anogenital Distance in 2-Year-Old Infants.

 

Ortega-García JA, Olano-Soler HA, Martínez-Álvarez A, Campillo-López F, Gomariz-Peñalver V, Mendiola-Olivares J, Iglesias-Gómez C, Escribano-Muñoz A.

 

Breastfeed Med. 2016 Sep;11:350-5. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2016.0034. Epub 2016 Jul 12.

 

PMID: 27403626 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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9.

The protective effect of longer duration of breastfeeding against pregnancy-associated triple negative breast cancer.

 

ElShamy WM.

 

Oncotarget. 2016 Aug 16;7(33):53941-53950. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.9690. Review.

 

PMID: 27248476 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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10.

Maternal serum perfluoroalkyl substances during pregnancy and duration of breastfeeding.

 

Romano ME, Xu Y, Calafat AM, Yolton K, Chen A, Webster GM, Eliot MN, Howard CR, Lanphear BP, Braun JM.

 

Environ Res. 2016 Aug;149:239-246. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.034. Epub 2016 May 11.

 

PMID: 27179585 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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11.

Effect of a pro-breastfeeding intervention on the maintenance of breastfeeding for 2 years or more: randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and grandmothers.

 

da Silva CF, Nunes LM, Schwartz R, Giugliani ER.

 

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016 May 3;16:97. doi: 10.1186/s12884-016-0878-z.

 

PMID: 27141951 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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12.

The Impact in the United States of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative on Early Infant Health and Breastfeeding Outcomes.

 

Munn AC, Newman SD, Mueller M, Phillips SM, Taylor SN.

 

Breastfeed Med. 2016 Jun;11:222-30. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2015.0135. Epub 2016 Apr 15. Review.

 

PMID: 27082284 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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13.

Effect of Breastfeeding Duration on Cognitive Development in Infants: 3-Year Follow-up Study.

 

Lee H, Park H, Ha E, Hong YC, Ha M, Park H, Kim BN, Lee B, Lee SJ, Lee KY, Kim JH, Jeong KS, Kim Y.

 

J Korean Med Sci. 2016 Apr;31(4):579-84. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2016.31.4.579. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

 

PMID: 27051242 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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14.

Total Duration of Breastfeeding, Vitamin D Supplementation, and Serum Levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D.

 

Darmawikarta D, Chen Y, Lebovic G, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Maguire JL.

 

Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr;106(4):714-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.303021. Epub 2016 Feb 18.

 

PMID: 26890167 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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15.

Effect of Pattern and Duration of Breastfeeding on the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables among Preschool Children.

 

Soldateli B, Vigo A, Giugliani ER.

 

PLoS One. 2016 Feb 4;11(2):e0148357. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148357. eCollection 2016.

 

PMID: 26844543 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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16.

The Effect of Interactive Web-Based Monitoring on Breastfeeding Exclusivity, Intensity, and Duration in Healthy, Term Infants After Hospital Discharge.

 

Ahmed AH, Roumani AM, Szucs K, Zhang L, King D.

 

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2016 Mar-Apr;45(2):143-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2015.12.001. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

 

PMID: 26779838 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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17.

Motor development related to duration of exclusive breastfeeding, B vitamin status and B12 supplementation in infants with a birth weight between 2000-3000 g, results from a randomized intervention trial.

 

Torsvik IK, Ueland PM, Markestad T, Midttun Ø, Bjørke Monsen AL.

 

BMC Pediatr. 2015 Dec 18;15:218. doi: 10.1186/s12887-015-0533-2.

 

PMID: 26678525 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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18.

Evaluation of the impact of breast milk expression in early postpartum period on breastfeeding duration: a prospective cohort study.

 

Jiang B, Hua J, Wang Y, Fu Y, Zhuang Z, Zhu L.

 

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Oct 20;15:268. doi: 10.1186/s12884-015-0698-6.

 

PMID: 26487378 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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19.

The Duration of Breastfeeding and Its Association with Metabolic Syndrome among Obese Children.

 

Yakubov R, Nadir E, Stein R, Klein-Kremer A.

 

ScientificWorldJournal. 2015;2015:731319. doi: 10.1155/2015/731319. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

 

PMID: 26295060 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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20.

A study to prolong breastfeeding duration: design and rationale of the Parent Infant Feeding Initiative (PIFI) randomised controlled trial.

 

Maycock BR, Scott JA, Hauck YL, Burns SK, Robinson S, Giglia R, Jorgensen A, White B, Harries A, Dhaliwal S, Howat PA, Binns CW.

 

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Aug 1;15:159. doi: 10.1186/s12884-015-0601-5.

 

PMID: 26231519 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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21.

Effects of duration of breastfeeding during infancy on vascular dysfunction in adolescents.

 

Putra ST, Mansyur M, Sastroasmoro S.

 

Acta Med Indones. 2015 Jan;47(1):24-30.

 

PMID: 25948764 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article

 

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22.

Effects of breast-feeding duration, bottle-feeding duration and non-nutritive sucking habits on the occlusal characteristics of primary dentition.

 

Chen X, Xia B, Ge L.

 

BMC Pediatr. 2015 Apr 21;15:46. doi: 10.1186/s12887-015-0364-1.

 

PMID: 25895651 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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23.

Using linked educational attainment data to reduce bias due to missing outcome data in estimates of the association between the duration of breastfeeding and IQ at 15 years.

 

Cornish RP, Tilling K, Boyd A, Davies A, Macleod J.

 

Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Jun;44(3):937-45. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyv035. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

 

PMID: 25855709 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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24.

Recalled Initiation and Duration of Maternal Breastfeeding Among Children with and Without ADHD in a Well Characterized Case-Control Sample.

 

Stadler DD, Musser ED, Holton KF, Shannon J, Nigg JT.

 

J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2016 Feb;44(2):347-55. doi: 10.1007/s10802-015-9987-9.

 

PMID: 25749651 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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25.

Lactation support and breastfeeding duration in jaundiced infants: a randomized controlled trial.

 

Pound CM, Moreau K, Rohde K, Barrowman N, Aglipay M, Farion KJ, Plint AC.

 

PLoS One. 2015 Mar 6;10(3):e0119624. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119624. eCollection 2015.

 

PMID: 25747308 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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26.

Association between breastfeeding duration, non-nutritive sucking habits and dental arch dimensions in deciduous dentition: a cross-sectional study.

 

Agarwal SS, Nehra K, Sharma M, Jayan B, Poonia A, Bhattal H.

 

Prog Orthod. 2014 Oct 31;15:59. doi: 10.1186/s40510-014-0059-4.

 

PMID: 25679374 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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27.

Breastfeeding duration and weight gain trajectory in infancy.

 

Carling SJ, Demment MM, Kjolhede CL, Olson CM.

 

Pediatrics. 2015 Jan;135(1):111-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1392. Epub 2014 Dec 1.

 

PMID: 25554813 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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28.

Duration of breastfeeding and serum PCB 153 concentrations in children.

 

Lancz K, Hertz-Picciotto I, Jusko TA, Murínová L, Wimmerová S, SovĨíková E, Dedík L, Strémy M, Drobná B, Farkašová D, Trnovec T.

 

Environ Res. 2015 Jan;136:35-9. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.09.036. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

 

PMID: 25460618 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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29.

Infant breast-feeding and childhood caries: a nine-year study.

 

Hong L, Levy SM, Warren JJ, Broffitt B.

 

Pediatr Dent. 2014 Jul-Aug;36(4):342-7.

 

PMID: 25198001 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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30.

WIC mothers' social environment and postpartum health on breastfeeding initiation and duration.

 

Darfour-Oduro SA, Kim J.

 

Breastfeed Med. 2014 Dec;9(10):524-9. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2014.0067.

 

PMID: 25188784 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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31.

Breastfeeding duration and asthma in Puerto Rican children.

 

Rosas-Salazar C, Forno E, Brehm JM, Han YY, Acosta-Pérez E, Cloutier MM, Wakefield DB, Alvarez M, Colón-Semidey A, Canino G, Celedón JC.

 

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2015 Jun;50(6):527-34. doi: 10.1002/ppul.23061. Epub 2014 Aug 6.

 

PMID: 25100626 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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32.

Individualizing the WHO HIV and infant feeding guidelines: optimal breastfeeding duration to maximize infant HIV-free survival.

 

Ciaranello AL, Leroy V, Rusibamayila A, Freedberg KA, Shapiro R, Engelsmann B, Lockman S, Kelly KA, Dabis F, Walensky RP.

 

AIDS. 2014 Jul;28 Suppl 3:S287-99. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000337.

 

PMID: 24991902 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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33.

Professional breastfeeding support for first-time mothers: a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial.

 

Fu IC, Fong DY, Heys M, Lee IL, Sham A, Tarrant M.

 

BJOG. 2014 Dec;121(13):1673-83. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12884. Epub 2014 May 26.

 

PMID: 24861802 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article

 

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34.

Long-term effects of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on inflammation in early adulthood.

 

McDade TW, Metzger MW, Chyu L, Duncan GJ, Garfield C, Adam EK.

 

Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Apr 23;281(1784):20133116. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3116. Print 2014 Jun 7.

 

PMID: 24759854 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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35.

Association of long-duration breastfeeding and dental caries estimated with marginal structural models.

 

Chaffee BW, Feldens CA, Vítolo MR.

 

Ann Epidemiol. 2014 Jun;24(6):448-54. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.01.013. Epub 2014 Feb 17.

 

PMID: 24636616 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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36.

Initiation of complementary feeding and duration of total breastfeeding: unlimited access to lactation consultants versus routine care at the well-baby clinics.

 

Jonsdottir OH, Fewtrell MS, Gunnlaugsson G, Kleinman RE, Hibberd PL, Jonsdottir JM, Eiriksdottir I, Rognvaldsdottir AM, Thorsdottir I.

 

Breastfeed Med. 2014 May;9(4):196-202. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2013.0094. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

 

PMID: 24621390 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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37.

Breastfeeding duration and early parenting behaviour: the importance of an infant-led, responsive style.

 

Brown A, Arnott B.

 

PLoS One. 2014 Feb 12;9(2):e83893. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083893. eCollection 2014.

 

PMID: 24533046 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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38.

Work-place predictors of duration of breastfeeding among female physicians.

 

Sattari M, Serwint JR, Neal D, Chen S, Levine DM.

 

J Pediatr. 2013 Dec;163(6):1612-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.026. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

 

PMID: 24011764 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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39.

Genetic variation in oxytocin rs2740210 and early adversity associated with postpartum depression and breastfeeding duration.

 

Jonas W, Mileva-Seitz V, Girard AW, Bisceglia R, Kennedy JL, Sokolowski M, Meaney MJ, Fleming AS, Steiner M; MAVAN Research Team.

 

Genes Brain Behav. 2013 Oct;12(7):681-94. doi: 10.1111/gbb.12069. Epub 2013 Aug 31.

 

PMID: 23941164 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article

 

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40.

Maternal trait personality and breastfeeding duration: the importance of confidence and social support.

 

Brown A.

 

J Adv Nurs. 2014 Mar;70(3):587-98. doi: 10.1111/jan.12219. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

 

PMID: 23919294 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

 

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