The terms "predatory publisher" and "counterfeit journal" were explained by Jeffrey Beall (Beall, 2012, 179). He stated these publishers and journals, "are dishonest and lack transparency. They aim to dupe researchers, especially those inexperienced in scholarly communication. They set up websites that closely resemble those of legitimate online publishers, and publish journals of questionable and downright low quality" (Beall, 2012, 179). Since his description, the term predatory journal has replaced the term counterfeit journal in popularity.
There has been tremendous growth in the number of open access journals in recent years and it is difficult, in many cases, to know whether a journal is predatory. If you publish in a predatory open access journal, you are not likely to get what you have paid for.
First, if you receive an unsolicited email asking you to submit an article for publication, be wary. The journal is very likely predatory.
According to the article, "Potential predatory and legitimate biomedical journals: can you tell the difference? A cross-sectional comparison," by Shamseer et al., there are 13 main characteristics that predatory journals share:
Check out the following articles for further reading on this topic:
Beall, J. (2012). Predatory publishers are corrupting open access: journals that exploit the author-pays model damage scholarly publishing and promote unethical behaviour by scientists, argues Jeffrey Beall. Nature, 489(7415), 179-180.
Shamseer, L., Moher, D., Maduekwe, O., Turner, L., Barbour, V., Burch, R., ... & Shea, B. J. (2017). Potential predatory and legitimate biomedical journals: can you tell the difference? A cross-sectional comparison. BMC medicine, 15(1), 28.
For further help and to get more information about specific journals, check out the following database:
Also check out the Think, Check, Submit website!